Types of Flowers - Explaning types of flowers
We offer many types of flowers available for purchase through our website. If there are a specific type of flower you are interested in please use the search box above.
Allium aflatunense; Allium aflatunense 'Purple Sensation'
Comes from central Asian region of Aflatun. This exceptionally pretty allium gets to be 32in/80cm tall, and the flower heads are densely covered with large purple-lilac flowers. It is a beautiful, long lasting cut flower with scarcely any scent.
Comes from Iran and the mighty mountains of the Himalayas. It is one of the largest and most impressive of all the alliums. This is a very pretty cut flower. Even after the flower petals have withered, the flower globe can be used in dried bouquets.
Native to Northern Italy. It is regarded as one of the finest of the species due to its lovely white flowers.
Native to the Mediterranean region.
Native to Palestine. Has distinctive leaves.
Widely distributed from Great Britain throughout Europe.
Allium stipitatum; Allium stipitatum ‘Mount Everest’
Native to Turkestan, Afghanistan, and central Asia. Flowering late spring. Excellent cut flower species.
Native to California.
Native to Europe and Asia. The allium ursinum has a strong garlic odor.
Named after its first hybridizer in the United States, F. Howard of Los Angeles.
Anemone blanda ‘Blue Shades’
This native of Greece and Turkey bears daisy-like flowers, usually in shades of blue, although white and pink forms are available. One of spring's early bloomers.
Anemone coronaria ‘Hollandia’; Anemore coronaria ‘Mr.Fokker’; Anemone coronaria ‘Sylphide’; Anemone coronaria ‘The Bride’
Anemone coronaria is available in a lovely range of clear colours including red, white, blue, violet, cerise and pink, all with a black to deep navy blue centre.
Native to Italy spreading westward into southern France and Spain. Now found throughout much of the south and west of Europe growing in hedges and rocky places. The leaves appear in the fall of the year followed by the flowers in spring. The Arum italicum has beautiful foliage with white markings.
Babiana stricta is one of the taller growing species, some reaching 45 cm (18 inches) in height. The sword shaped foliage can be up to 5 inches long and 1/2 inch wide. Flowering mid spring to late spring in cooler climates.
Begonia bertinii compacta Red
This cultivar produces both single and double flowers. The flowerstalks and stems are upright and the leaves are pointed. These plants produce flowers in large quantities.
Begonia pendula cascade White
The pendula or penulous Begonias were developed by Moerman in De Pinte, nearby Gent in Flanders. Not a very common variety, it is greatly admired in Holland for its lazy appearance and and its bright colors.
Camassia leichtlinii ‘Caerulea’
Found wild over much of western United States and into British Columbia. One of the tallest growing camassias and regarded as one of the best garden species.
Widespread habitat, ranging from British Columbia down the Pacific Coast to California and eastward to Montana and Utah. Popular food plant of the Indians. Great variation in flower colour, from deep blue to pale blue to white. Hardy species, easy to grow.
Canna indica ‘President’
Not native to India, the name was introduced in the 1570's when the Americas were still known as the West Indies. This is one of the oldest species in cultivation. Not so tall growing as other species, most often in the 3-5 feet range.
Chionodoxa luciliae; Chionodoxa luciliae ‘Pink Giant’
Introduced 1877. Most commonly grown and generally considered finest species. Fleshy, globose bulb. As many as 10 blossoms.
The hardiest of all Crinums, this is also the most impressive. Its very tall stems carry the flowers well clear of the leaves, so that the blooms are always well displayed. The bulbs of the C. powellii can grow very large, often surpassing the size of a large grapefruit. Just imagine how much beauty such a bulb can provide!!
Crocosmia crocosmiiflora ‘Emberglow’; Crocosmia crocosmiiflora ‘Emily McKenzie’; Crocosmia crocosmiiflora ‘Lucifer’
This species is one of the most widely grown plants in European gardens. As most Crocosmias, they are extremely strong. The flowers are produced in a zigzag, upright panicle. This specific species is one of the tallest, growing up to 3 feet in length. The C. crocosmiiflora gives great decorative value which is matched by vigorous growth.
Crocus chrysanthus ‘Cream Beauty’; Crocus chrysanthus ‘Prins Claus’
Native to Greece and Asia Minor. The snow crocus has small blooms. An early and colourful spring bloomer. The 10in. (25cm) leaves appear with the flowers.
Crocus tommasinianus ‘Whitewell Purple’
Native to Dalmatia. The unusual lavender blooms of this crocus open to a star shape and expose bright orange stigmas. Both leaves and blooms appear at the same time. This species seeds freely.
Dahlia Cactus ‘Orfeo’; Dahlia Cactus ‘Red Pigmy’
Interestingly enough, the cactus flowered Dahlias are an old Mexican-cultivated variety, and probably the farthest deviation from the wild species. The cactus flowered Dahlia often grows very tall. The double flowers consist of elongated, pointed petals.
Dahlia Decorative ‘Arabian Night’; Dahlia Decorative ‘Gerrie Hoek’; Dahlia Decorative ‘Glorie van Heemstede’; Dahlia Decorative ‘Glorie van Noordwijk’
The classic Dahlia is an all time favorite. The decorative Dahlia has a fully double flower head. Striking vivid colors which you can use to brighten up or accentuate any part of your garden. Or combine many colors to create a splendid ocean of jewel-like blooms.
Dahlia ‘Bishop of Llandaff’
Dahlia Pompon ‘Stolze von Berlin’
The pompon Dahlia got its name from the French because their similarity to the pompon on the capes of soldiers. Also known as the ' Lilliputian Dahlia' they are entirely round, globe shaped with good double flowers which are closed at the back. Its strongest point, next to its beauty ofcourse, is its abundance of flowers. When properly maintained it flowers non stop during the last months of summer.
Comes from the Himalayas and arrived in Europe in 1881. The cut flowers stay fresh for three weeks in water.
Erythronium revolutum ‘Pagoda’
Native to Pacific coastal areas. Found where there is summer moisture provided by coastal fog. Number of flowers usually 4-5. Flowers can become quite large.
This species is native to Natal. It has broad leaves, dark green with base clasping flower spikes. Robust spikes of flowers, 30 cm (12 inches) high, holding distinctive flowers edged with purple. The E. bicolor needs moisture throughout the summer but can be allowed to dry out in the fall. Flowering in mid to late summer.
Fritillaria imperialis ‘Aurora’
Also called Crown Imperial. Native to western Himalayas. Grows in a wide range of soils. The high stems carry many pendent flowers that are topped off with tufts of leaves, making the species distinct.
Fritillaria meleagris ‘Alba’
Also called the Snake's Head Fritillary. This name refers to the shape of the flower but also to the peculiar fact that as long as the plant has not yet bloomed, the stem can bend in cold weather, thus pressing the bud flat against the ground. Native to most of Europe.
Native to north east Turkey.
Fritillaria persica ‘Adiyaman’
Native to Cypress, southern Turkey and Iran. One of the tallest of the genus. Gray-green leaves cover the stem and sometimes twist a little.
Native to southeastern Europe and Asia Minor. Easy to grow. Leaves located on the upper part of the stem.
Native to most of Europe. Nivalis means snow, the flower has an intense whiteness, the whitest white that nature can display. The nivalis is one of the finest species for the garden.
Native to the east Mediterranean region, as far as south Turkey near Adana, growing in stone places and scrub.
Gladiolus callianthus ‘Murielae’
Gladiolus callianthus or Abyssinian Star did not arrive in Europe until 1930. Acidanthera was the name of the genus, but they now belong to the genus Gladiolus. The similarity to a gladiolus flower is obvious, but they are more delicate and graceful. The leaves are sword shaped, the flowers - up to a dozen per corm - are held on slender stems above the tips of the leaves, and appear in late summer. This plant requires a warm, sunny position to do well.
Gladiolus communis byzantinus
Native to Spain, Italy, north Africa, Corsica and Malta. The colour is striking, with as many as 15 flowers or more. The flowers may face in two or three directions.
Gladiolus ramosus ‘Robinetta’
Gladiolus tubergenii ‘Charm’
Come in colours from soft pink to bright purple-pink, have narrow leaves, and have two to four stalks with many side shoots. They look like the Colvillei Hybrids but have larger flowers and are somewhat taller. They are good to use in the garden but they are also suitable as a cut flower.
Habranthus robustus ‘Zephyranthus robustus’
Native to Argentina, this bulb produces the largest flower of the genus. The flower grows to 3 inches (8 cm) and is carried high on stems which can reach lengths of 12 inches (30 cm). This specie also grows very well indoors.
Also called Spanish Bluebell or Scilla hispanica. Native to the Iberian Peninsula. The long bell-shaped, hanging flowers are suspended in pretty clusters. The strap-shaped leaves continue to grow after the flowers fade. Very hardy plant. Highly fragrant.
Also called English Bluebell, Scilla non-scripta or Wood Hyacinth. Native to Europe, including Britain. In the Netherlands the wild form is still found growing in the inner dunes from Bergen to Haarlem. The woods of England are full of these 'bluebells' in the spring. The non-scripta has a crown of loosely attached petals which look like stars lying on the ground. Highly fragrant.
Hyacinthus orientalis ‘Carnegie’; Hyacinthus orientalis ‘Delft Blue’; Hyacinthus orientalis ‘Gypsy Queen’; Hyacinthus orientalis ‘Jan Bos’; Hyacinthus orientalis ‘Pink Pearl’; Hyacinthus orientalis ‘Splendid Cornelia’
Also called Dutch Hyacinths due to the cultivation and breeding that started in Holland in the 17th century. Native to the eastern Mediterranean and the southern part of Turkey. It still grows in abundance in the surroundings of Bagdad and Aleppo. These flowers are extremely fragrant.
This species of Hymenocalis produces one of the favorite flowers in the genus. The plant will loose all it's foliage in the winter, but if kept warm and properly tended to, the bulb will increase its flower production every year. The exotic fragrant blooms resemble those of daffodils.
Ipheion uniflorum; Ipheion uniflorum ‘Wisley Blue’
Native to Peru. The leaves are narrow, grasslike and pale green.
Native to central Asia. Found growing on stone and grassy hillsides. Leaves arranged one above another, folded and clasping the stem at their base. Up to 7 flowers, fragrant.
Iris histrioides ‘George’
Native to Turkey. A dwarf species.
Native to the USSR, the Caucassus, and nothern Iran. Easy as container and as garden plant. The leaves are as high as the flowers during flowering time but grow taller later.
Leucojum aestivum ‘Gravetye Giant’
Native to southeastern England and central Europe. This is the hardiest species of the genus. The number of flowers will vary from 5 to 8 per stalk.
Native to much of southern Europe. Usually found growing in areas where much moisture is present. White flowers, slightly fragrant. Most commonly solitary flowers produced and seldom more than two flowers per stem.
Lilium Oriental ‘Le Reve’; Lilium ‘Stargazer’
Wherever class is needed, these summerflowering lilies will fill the bill. Be it in the garden, in containers or as cut flowers. These hybrids are notibly strong and sturdy plants, and are available in a wide variety of colors.
Lilium Trumpet Hybrids ‘African Queen’; Lilium ‘Pink Perfection’; Lilium regale
These summer flowering lilies flower from July to September on stems from 125 to 150 centimeter (50 to 60 inches) in height and have trumpet shaped flowers. They are derived from several asiatic species, drawing on their natural beauty, strength and classic shape.
Native to Turkey, widely distributed, from the Balkans to the Caucasus. This species has delicate, pyramid- shaped little flowers. The openings of the flowers are small. The armeniacum is the most famous grape hyacinth and has true blue flowers which are trimmed with a delicate white border.
Native to Turkey. Has loose clusters of bell-shaped flowers. More robust than the other species and flowers later.
Narcissus cyclamineus ‘February Gold’; Narcissus cyclamineus ‘Jack Snipe’; Narcissus cyclamineus ‘Jetfire’; Narcissus cyclamineus ‘Jenny’
The narcissus cyclamineus is the parent of this cultivar. Native to northwestern Portugal and northwestern Spain. Found growing in damp mountains and along river banks. March and April flowering.
Narcissus double ‘Ice King’; Narcissus double ‘Rip van Winkle’
Double or semi-double flowers carried single or in small groups. The whole flower may be double or just the cup. Double narcissus come in all colour combinations and the trumpet is not of a deeper colour than the ring of outer petals. These double narcissus are nice for bedding and borders and prefer a somewhat sheltered location.
Narcissus jonquilla ‘Baby Moon’; Narcissus jonquilla ‘Bell Song’
The narcissus jonquilla is the parent of this cultivar. Native to central and southern Spain and southern and eastern Portugal. Over the years this species has been widely cultivated for its fragrance. Carries up to 6 flowers per stem.
Narcissus large-cupped ‘Carlton’; Narcissus large-cupped ‘Ice Follies’; Narcissus large-cupped ‘Salome’
One flower per stem. Cup or corona more than one- third, but less than equal to, the length of the petals. The perianth is usually round, with petals forming a closed circle. The bowl-shaped cup sits against it like a cup and saucer. Most of these varieties are yellow but some of them have a darker or lighter cup.
Narcissus Tệte a tệte
Narcissus tazetta ‘Geranium’
The narcissus tazetta is the parent of this cultivar. Originally native to the mediterranean region, especially Portugal. Corona cup shaped, very shalow. Has 4 to 8 flowers per stem.
Narcissus triandrus ‘Hawera’; Narcissus triandrus ‘Thalia’
The narcissus triandus (angels tears) is the parent of this cultivar. Native to Spain, Portugal and northern France where rocky landscapes are covered in white carpets of these flowers. The dark green floliage is very narrow. The flower spike is about the same height as the leaves. Usualy 2-3 lightly nodding flowers per stem, sometimes more.
This is a miniature tazetta narcissus, it would be right at home in the famous Dutch miniature city of Madurodam.
Narcissus poeticus recurvus
Native to east-central France, southward to central Spain, southern Italy, and northwestern Greece. Found growing in mountain meadows.
Native to southern France, Italy and Sicily.
Native to southern Europe and now widespread. Prefers shade and will naturalize in woodland locations. Nutans means 'nodding', a habit which makes the outer green surfaces of the petals more conspicuous.
Commonly known as the Giant Chincherinchee, this flower is a very strong grower and reaches over 36 inches in height. The flowers are ivory in color with pronounced green-black centers. The plants flower in late summer from bulbs planted in the spring. This is an excellent garden plant and a great cut flower.
This species is in general cultivated as a cut flower. Although the bulb is not hardy it can be planted in spring to flower in late summer. In warmer climates it can be left in the ground where it can multiply quickly. It is best to avoid eating any part of the plant since some parts of the flower can be poisonous.
Puschkinia scilloides libanotica
Native to Turkey, the Caucasus, Iran, Syria, Iraq and Lebanon. Is found in wild at quite high elevations, near melting snow, in grasses.
This is the parent of most hybrids offered today. It posseses the original beauty and versatility of the flower. Flowering in May-June. The many petalled, poppy like flowers are carried above attractive foliage in the summer.
Native to Iran and the Caucasus. Used to be called Scilla tubergeniana because it was brought from Persia by Van Tubergen. The way it blooms makes one think of Puschkinia and they are indeed closely related. It is a very charming plant that produces 3 stems each with 3 or more flowers.
Native to Iran, Asia Minor and spreading into the Caucasus. One of the most popular spring-flowering bulbs. This plant has star-shaped flowers.
The S. tricolor, also known as the Harlequin flower, is the most outstanding of the genus. The brightly colored star-shaped flowers, which are produced in early summer, are spectacular. The bright colors are shown to best advantage when they are planted in an open, sunny spot.
Triteleia laxa ‘Queen Fabiola’
Native to Oregon and California. This is the species with the largest umbel in all of the genus making it the most popular. The blooms last particularly long when cut and the bulbs can be planted in containers to ensure mobile beauty. A pleasure to grow in any garden.
Tulipa Darwinhybrid ‘Gudoshnik’
Darwinhybrid tulips are both sturdy and tall (60cm or more). A number of years ago, they were the most popular tulips on the market. However, this popularity has diminished considerably, probably because, even though they are a beautiful cut flower, they do not last long. The first variaties were produced in 1936 by D. Lefeber from crossing Tulipa fosteriana Mad. Lefeber with a Darwin tulip. These hybrids have large flowers on long stems. They combined the good qualities of both parents; the relationships of the stem length, petal size, flower shape, and plant size to each other were considered ideal. Furthermore, the brilliant colours in all shades between red and yellow were stunning. They look like poppies when they open. The flower is especially striking when it is closed, as it usually is in the morning, when the flower is covered with a slot light gloss.
Tulipa Double Early ‘Abba’; Tulipa Double Early ‘Monte Carlo’
The double early tulips are stout, short plants having stems of 12in (30cm) height. The flowers are large and double and come in colours of white, yellow, and pink to bright red. One of the first ones was the pink Murillo which was produced in 1850. This tulip is the ancestor of many new varieties. Flowering from mid- April. These tulips have big double flowers and should be given a little protection from winds or their flowers might be spoiled. The first double tulip appeared over 300 years ago.
Tulipa Double Late ‘Angelique’
The double late tulips have been around for centuries. In 1750, there was already a red-pink double called 'Marriage de ma Fille' in cultivation and the so- called 'Yellow Rose' was being grown in 1700. These tulips used to have flowers that were too heavy for their weak stems, but there has been a definite improvement since those days. In 1912, double varieties became more important at the same time as Triumph tulips and were classified with the existing species of double late tulips. They now have very sturdy stems, are 16-24in (40-60cm) tall, and have double, peony-shaped flowers. However, the heavy flowers can still be blown over by rain. The colours are usually red or yellow.
Tulipa Fosteriana ‘Candela’; Tulipa Fosteriana ‘Madame Lefeber’; Tulipa Fosteriana ‘Orange Emperor’; Tulipa Fosteriana ‘Purissima’
This tulip was named for M. Foster, a professor at Cambridge. The flower is especially large-blooming. It is particularly known for its crossings with the Darwins. Fosteriana hybrids are stately plants with heights of 14-16in (35-40cm) and large, brightly coloured flowers. The outer petals are pointed and the inner ones are broader and womewhat blunt. They are found in the intense colours of red, yellow and white, although the reds are more prevalent.
Tulipa Greigii ‘Pinnocchio’; Tulipa Greigii ‘Red Riding Hood’; Tulipa Greigii ‘Toronto’
The Tulipa Greigii was discovered in Turkestan in 1877 and described by Regel. He named it after S.A. Greig, a botanist from St. Petersburg. Hybrids are presumed to have been produced from crosses with other species. These hybrids reach heights from 8-16in (20-40cm). They bloom rather late, at the end of April and beginning of May. This group of garden tulips is glorious; as a result it has become very popular. Wonderful colour combinations can be made by planting them among grape hyacinths, chionodoxa and triandrus narcissuses. Because of their large, eye-catching flowers, their flowering period, and their height, they are perfect for planting in gardens, borders and rock gardens.
Tulipa Kaufmanniana ‘Showwinner’
The Kaufmanniana tulips are sometimes referred to as water lily tulips and were described in 1877 by Regel. They were named after K. von Kaufmann, the governor of Tashkent. They grow wild in Tien Shan. This tulip is 6in (15cm) tall with a long flower which is white with a yellow tint on the inside and pink on the outside. It was given the name water lily tulip because the wide open flowers resemble water lilies. Because it blooms in March, it is one of the very first tulips to bloom. They differ widely and so there are many species; furthermore there are many crosses. Crossings with Tulipa Greigii produce a characteristic foliage pattern. These tulips are low to the ground, only 20cm tall. The short stems hold flowers with magnificent colour. They are just the flower to cheer up the early spring garden. The petals open wide in the sunshine.
Tulipa lily-flowered ‘Ballerina’; Tulipa lily-flowered ‘Red Shine’; Tulipa lily-flowered ‘White Triumphator’
These tulips are centuries old. The shape of these tulips was greatly improved by crossing them with Darwins at the beginning of this century. The first tulip with lily-shaped flowers was the yellow Tulipa retroflexa; it thus became the ancestor of the later ones. In 1902 Krelage & Son crossed this cottage tulip with the Darwin tulip, 'Psyche'. This cross resulted in the satin pink tulip, 'Siren', which really caused a sensation. The flowers are elegant with their pointed petals which bow outward at the top.
Tulipa parrot ‘Black Parrot’;Tulipa parrot ‘Blue Parrot’;Tulipa parrot ‘Estella Rijnveld’; Tulipa parrot ‘Rococo’
Parrot tulips were already in existence in 1665. These plants are only produced from mutations; they are never reproduced from seeds. Possibly, they originated from cottage tulips. The old varieties were too feeble to stand up straight because the flowers were so heavy; they were always hanging over. Offspring from Darwin, Triumph, and Single Early tulips have improved the Parrot tulips. The flowers are fringed; the petals are not smooth along the margins, but decorated with parrot feathers. Individual flowers are multicoloured with yellow, green, orange or red stripes.
Tulipa Single Early ‘Apricot Beauty’;Tulipa Single Early ‘Christmas Marvel’
These Tulips have middle sized, richly coloured flowers in white, yellow and all the nuances of red. All of these fiery colours emerge from bulbs of relatively small size. The single early are almost all good garden tulips. They are a short (10-12in/25-35cm) but stocky plant. Tulipa gesneriana, native to Asia Minor, is the parent of most of these Garden Tulips. The Tulipa Gesneriana was introduced into Europe in the 16th century.
Tulipa Single Late ‘Kingsblood’; Tulipa Single Late ‘Menton’; Tulipa Single Late ‘Queen of Night’
Also called Cottage Tulips. There are many different variations of colour and form. For the most part the flowers are large with the basic shape of an egg and are not unlike Darwins in overall appearance.
Tulipa Triumph ‘Ile de France’; Tulipa Triumph ‘Prinses Irene’
The triumph tulips now include the mendel tulips as well. The mendel tulips are named after Mendel, the monk who created the foundation for the study of genetics. Mendel tulips were produced by E. Krelage who crossed the single early Duc van Tol tulips with darwins. Outside, they bloom somewhat later than the early tulips. Mendel tulips are slender plants with stems which are often too thin. It reaches a height of 16in (40cm) and has mid-sized, slim flowers in hues of red, yellow, pink and white. It is a good flower for cutting and is very suitable for the garden. Triumph tulips are currently the most important group of tulips. They bloom somewhat later than the darwins and usualy have both larger flowers and leaves. They are sturdy plants which can attain a height of up to a half metre. They have mid-sized, robust flowers which come in a wide assortment of colours, often with a differently-coloured edge. They are pretty for the garden and for forcing.
Tulipa viridiflora ‘Pimpernel’; Tulipa viridiflora ‘Spring Green'
This is a new group of flowers which come in various colours but which all have one characteristic in common: they all contain some green. This shows the parentage of Tulipa viridiflora.
Tulipa bakeri ‘Lilac Wonder’
Native to Greece. A fine dwarf species. The beautiful flowers are quite large.
Tulipa batalinii ‘Bright Gem’
Native to Bokhara. A dwarf plant with solitary flowers. The leaves are held in a rosette.
Tulipa humilis violacea ‘Black Base’
Also called Tulipa pulchella or Tulipa violacea. Native to Asia Minor, Iran and Caucasus. This is an extremely variable species, to the point that several species formerly regarded as being separate now are considered to be Tulipa humilis. The flowers are solitary, rather small. The colours vary from bright rose-pink to deep purple-violet. All of the variants are dwarf, all are early flowering.
Native to Bokhara and the Pamir mountain range in Asia. Dwarf, narrow, undulating leaves with red margins, held in a rosette.
Tulipa praestans ‘Fusilier’
Native to central Asia.
Native to Turkestan. Star shaped flowers. Leaves forming a rosette.
Native to Turkestan, central Asia and northwestern China. Very robust.
Native to the mountains of Turkmenistan in Iran.
Native to Cape Province, Natal and Transvaal in South- Africa. Loving full sun and moist soil. This is the most commonly grown Zantedeschia, and duely so, it is one of the most striking flowers. The plant grows to over 6 feet (2 meters) in height, blooming profusely throughout the summer. If it likes its location the plant will soon form large clumps. The flowers and decorative foliage are features of this, the classic Calla Lily. They are quite easy to grow in a variety of conditions. This flower is great looking and very long lasting in a vase, but it will also be a great focal point in any garden.
This plant grows to about 24-30in. In height. The leaves are arrow shaped, wide, with oblong, white translucent spots all over. The Z. albomaculata flowers in May-June in the Northern Hemisphere and in November in the wild.
Zantedeschia hybrid ‘Black Beauty’; Zantedeschia hybrid ‘Majestic Red’; Zantedeschia hybrid ‘Mango’
Found growing in damp grassland, this plant is antive to Natal and Swaziland. By many believed to be the loveliest of the species. Flowering time is mid summer, this species can be distinguished by from the rest because the leaf base is tapered, not lobed. A great plant for garden, container and in the vase.